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There's currently a standard for Personal light electric vehicle (PLEV) in the work. Derived from the safety of machinery (ISO12100) as a standard for vehicle without a type approval. The PLEV standard incorporates requirements from other standards (battery and so on).
PLEV, as based on ISO 12100 safety of machinery, deals with hazards. So foreseeable risk and misuse has to been considered.
About PLEV standard
The European Commission established a Workgroup to build up a so called Type C standard (much more detailed and for PLEV specific requirements) based on the ISO 12100 (Safety of machinery). This Workgroup has the naming CEN/TC 354/WG 4, which has the following meaning:
The Workgroup 4 has the task to define technical requirements and test methods for Personal Light Electric Vehicle (PLEV) based on safety of machinery. These are the framework/ limits where the PLEV standard can define requirements and test methods. The European Commission give the task to AFNOR which led TC 354. The German DIN established a mirror board and worked with experts on the standard, made reviews and attended to the international meeting. eWheels.org is a member of the German mirror board at DIN.
There're currently 4 different classes of Personal light electric vehicle (PLEV) in 2 different speed limits divided (6 km/h and 25 km/h).
Currently the standard deals with 4 different classes and some sub-options:
A 6 km/h has limited requirements, some functions are optional.
A 25 km/h PLEV has a pedestrian mode (6 km/h), a higher safety requirement for e.g.
Redundancy is necessary: If there's no possibility to stop the vehicle with manual brakes or continue drive with human interaction.
The PLEV must be protected against unautorized use by third party (kids,..).
There must be measures that a bell is carried with the rider and the PLEV can only be started when the bell is connected via cable or radio.
There will be test methods in place to deal with:
and so on
Marking of boxes and products
A PLEV compliant device needs a marking of the standard on the box (so customs can block goods not being compliant) and the device is labelled with the necessary information and the PLEV class.
Self certification/ declaration
All certifications based on safety of machinery are self certifications. The manufacturer needs to make sure he has all necessary documents and test protocols available for inspection.
Also, it's likely that consumer protection organizations will test this new devices and/ or they will be tested by Stiftung Warentest or other organizations/ test magazines against the standard. In case of fails consumer protection will act to fix the problems or to ban the products.